VegWaMus CirCrop er et forskningsprosjekt som tar utgangspunkt i et lukket kretsløp der matavfall fordøyd til biogassproduksjon brukes til dyrking av sopp og plantevekster.

Klimastyrt sopp- og plantedyrking er energi- og ressurskrevende prosesser, og baseres i stor grad på fossile eller mineralske ressurser. Dette gjør at produksjonen generer mye avfall og har et høyt CO2-fotavtrykk.

Det er gjort mye forskning og utvikling på planter, men de senere årene har også dyrket matsopp vist seg å være svært interessante for en sirkulær tilnærming. I dette prosjektet utnyttes organisk avfall til energi (biogass) og ulike avlinger i et sammenkoblet system. Det betyr at minimalt med avfall går ut av kretsløpet, men heller benyttes trinnvis i ny dyrking. Dette er den sirkulære og fremtidige måten å produsere mat på.

Prosjektet er delfinansiert av EU og har internasjonal interesse. Videre beskrivelse er derfor gjort på engelsk.


Project information

  • Period: 2017-2022
  • Founded under: Horizon 2020, H2020-EU.1.3.2.
  • Grant agreement ID: 751052
  • Coordinated by: Lindum AS, Lerpeveien 155, 3036 Drammen, Norway
  • Reseach fellow: Agnieszka Jasinska
  • Project coordinator: Ketil Stoknes

Project background

Mushroom and plant crop cultivation is usually performed through energy- and resource intensive process (based on fossil or mineral resources), which generate wastes and the high CO2 footprint. Main emphasis has been on plant crops, but integrated mushroom cultivation has been found to be highly interesting from both circular approach in which organic wastes are utilized for both energy (renewable biogas) and crop production in a closed system. This is the circular and future way of food production.

Combined manure and foodwaste treated in anaerobic digestion (AD) can be considered as a multicomponent organic fertiliser and by-product for plant and mushroom cultivation substrate. Sustainable horticulture should reuse organic waste. The objectives of project is to achieved with indicating mushroom species which can be grown commercially on substrate based on digestate and vegetable plant grown rousing spent mushroom substrate (after cultivation). Cultivation is incorporated in sustainable greenhouse environment in food to waste to food biosystem based on crop and substrate circulation. Lindum and associated partners have for several years developed circular approach in which organic wastes are utilized for both energy (renewable biogas) and crops production in a closed system. Launched in 2016, REKLIMA AS, is realising a large R&D greenhouse unit located next to a new large anaerobic digestion plant The Magic Factory. The unit investigates and demonstrates full utilization of output CO2, heat and organic residue (digestate) from the AD.


Project organisation

WP1 – Digestate utilisation (2017-2018)

  • Task 1: Mushroom cultivation substrate. Objective: develop fine and even; easily mixed substrate for upscaled mushroom cultivation.
  • Task 2: Plant cultivations substrate development Objective: development of growing substrate based on digestate separated for solid and liquid fraction by filtration and centrifuging fortified by composted green wastes from greenhouse production and vermiculture.

WP2: Cultivation experiment (2018-2019):

  • Task 1: Mushroom cultivation
  • Task2: Plant cultivation
  • Task3: Combined cultivation mushroom-plant

 WP3: Spent Cultivation Substrate (SCS) Management (2021-2022)

Objective: Decrease of cultivation waste and reuse of substrates

WP4: Monitoring of crop stability (bioaccumulation and elements circulation & crop sustainability) (2017-2022) Analytical part of project performed during Secondment in Poznan University of Life Sciences.

Objective 1: Assessment of possibility of SMS/ SPS reuse for further cultivation. Objective 2: Assessment of the bioaccumulation of elements in and consumption safety.

WP5: Demonstrating VegWaMus CirCrop approach (2018-2022) Relevant physical, environmental and economic parameters will be monitored in order to demonstrate its performance compared to commercial systems.

Publications from the project

Jasińska A., Dawidowicz, Siwulski M., Kilinowski P. (2017) Growth of Mycelium of Different Edible and Medicinal Mushrooms on Medium Supplemented with Digestate from AD Biogas Plant. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca; IF: 0.69; 15 pkt; Not Bot Horti Agrobo, 2017, 45(2):498-506. DOI:10.15835/nbha45210954 SCOPUS

Stoknes, K., Wojciechowska, E., Jasińska, A., Gulliksen, A. and Tesfamichael, A.A. (2018). Growing vegetables in the circular economy; cultivation of tomatoes on green waste compost and food waste digestate. Acta Hortic. 1215, 389-396, DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2018.1215.71

Link to the article  

Jasińska A., E. Wojciechowska, K. Stoknes, M. Siwulski, M. Mleczek, P. Niedzielski (2019). Relationship between zinc and cadmium contents and cultivating conditions of gourmet and medicinal mushroom Agaricus subrufescens. International Journal of Horticultural Science 2019, 25 (3-4): 21-27.

Link to the article

Jasińska A., E. Wojciechowska, K. Stoknes, M. Siwulski, M. Mleczek, P. Niedzielski (2019). Relationship between zinc and cadmium contents and cultivating conditions of gourmet and medicinal mushroom Agaricus subrufescens. International Journal of Horticultural Science 2019, 25 (3-4): 21-27.

Link to the article

Lisiecka J., Prasad R., Jasinska A. 2021. The Utilisation of Pholiota nameko, Hypsizygus marmoreus, and Hericium erinaceus Spent Mushroom Substrates in Pleurotus ostreatus Cultivation. Horticulturae 2021, 7, 396 (IF 2,331)

Link to the article

Jasinska, A.; Wojciechowska, E.; Stoknes, K.; Roszak, M. Bioconversion of Agricultural Wastes into a Value-Added Product: Straw of Norwegian Grains Composted with Dairy Manure Food Waste Digestate in Mushroom Cultivation. Horticulturae 2022, 8, 331.

Link to the article

Jasinska A., Wojciechowska E., Stoknes K., Roszak M. (2022) Bioconversion of agricultural wastes into a value-added product: Straw of Norwegian grains composted with dairy manure food waste digestate in mushroom cultivation. Horticulturae, 8, 331.

Link to the article

Contacts:This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme Under the Marie Sklodowska-Curie grant agreement No 751052.